Internet Guide Logo

Dan Connolly

Last Edit: 10/01/17

Dan Connolly is a computer scientist who received a Bachelor of Science in Computer Science from the University of Texas in 1990. Dan Connolly has worked at the following research/educational organisations/institutions:

  1. Research Scientist at MIT's Computer Science and AI Laboratory
  2. Member of the Technical Staff at the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)

Dan Connolly is best known for his work in the development of HTML; HTML is a markup language that is used to create content for the World Wide Web. HTML was released in 1991, alongside the World Wide Web, and was invented by Tim Berners-Lee. HTML was based upon another markup language: SGML.

When Berners-Lee released HTML it was named 'HTML tags', and it was fairly basic in it's scope; no standardised version existed for it. From 1990-1992, Dan Connolly worked with SGML hypertext systems, and, in 1993, Berners-Lee asked Connolly to help him develop a Internet Engineering Task Force draft specification for HTML.

In June, 1993, Berners-Lee and Connolly released a document named: A Representation of Textual Information and MetaInformation for Retrieval and Interchange. This document outlined and gave an overview of the HyperText Markup Language (HTML). This document was one of the first document to do so, and was an important document in the evolution of HTML and the World Wide Web.

Due to Dan Connolly's experience with markup languages and HTML, he was invited to become a member of the technical staff at the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). The W3C was founded by Berners-Lee, and would be responsible for developing and standardising the technologies of the World Wide Web. Connolly either edited or provided oversight for the W3C working groups that produced a specification for: HTML 2.0, HTML 3.2 and HTML 4.0. Connolly also created the working group who produced the first working specification for XML; a markup language released in 1998.

Dan Connolly left the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) in 2010.