Cello was the first web browser designed for Microsoft Windows.
Cello was released in 1993, and the client program was written in
the programming language C++, by Thomas Bruce. Thomas Bruce founded
the Legal Information Institute at the Cornell Law School. Cello
was designed to work on Windows 3.1: Windows 3.1 used Winsock -
the Windows network software - to access network services. Winsock
was used by Cello to access TCP/IP networks: the Internet is a collection
of TCP/IP networks that voluntarily agree to interconnect using
TCP/IP. Cello supported images - many early browsers only supported
text and could not render images. However, Cello was largely criticised
for the quality by which it did render webpages (HTML documents).
The browsers Netscape Navigator and Internet Explorer were launched
in the mid-1990's: this caused Cello to fall into disuse, and it's
final version was released on: 16th of April, 1994.
In 1992, the Legal Information Institute launched the first website
dedicated to the 'law'. However, Thomas Bruce, while promoting the
Legal Information Institute's website, found that the majority of
lawyers were using computers running Windows and not Unix. Therefore,
Thomas Bruce realised that many lawyers did not have access to the
World Wide Web, because, the vast majority of browsers were only
compatible with Unix. The World Wide Web was launched in 1991, and,
in 1991, the vast majority of computers that connected to the Internet
ran a version of Unix. Therefore, developers focused their efforts
on developing web browsers for the Unix platform. Therefore, to
increase web access for lawyers, Bruce began to develop a Windows
browser, and, he released it on: 8th of June, 1993.
The image, provided below, is the Cello logo, which was published
Users of Cello, were referred to as: Cellists. The minimum requirements
for Cello were stated to be: an IBM cpu 386SX chipset and at least
2MB of memory. The final version of Cello was capable of retrieving
documents from the following Internet services: World Wide Web,
Gopher, FTP, CSO/ph/qi, and Usenet News.